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Glomerulonephritis – symptoms and causes

Glomerulonephritis is an inflammation of the tiny filters inside the kidneys (glomeruli). Excess fluid and waste products that the glomeruli remove from the bloodstream are excreted as urine. Glomerulonephritis can happen suddenly (acute) or gradually (chronic).

Glomerulonephritis occurs on its own or as part of another disease such as lupus or diabetes. The acute or chronic inflammation associated with glomerulonephritis can damage the kidneys. Treatment depends on the type of glomerulonephritis.


The signs and symptoms of glomerulonephritis vary depending on whether the disease is acute or chronic and on its cause. You may not notice any symptoms of the chronic condition. But the first sign of an abnormality can be noticed in the results of a periodic urinalysis.

Signs and symptoms of glomerulonephritis include:

When should you see a doctor?

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the reasons

Many conditions can cause glomerulonephritis. Sometimes the disease is hereditary and sometimes the cause is unknown. Factors that can lead to glomerulonephritis include the following conditions:


Infectious diseases can directly or indirectly cause glomerulonephritis. These infections include:

autoimmune diseases

Autoimmune diseases are diseases that result from the attack of the immune system on healthy tissue. Here are the autoimmune diseases that can cause glomerulonephritis:


Vasculitis is an inflammation of the blood vessels. Here are the types of vasculitis that can cause glomerulonephritis:

Sclerosis cases

Some diseases or conditions cause scarring of the glomeruli, which leads to impaired or decreased kidney function. It includes the following:

other reasons

Chronic glomerulonephritis is rarely hereditary. One form that can occur due to genetics is Alport syndrome, which can impair hearing or vision.

Glomerulonephritis is associated with certain types of cancer, such as stomach cancer, lung cancer, and chronic lymphocytic leukemia.


Glomerulonephritis affects the ability of the nephrons to filter the bloodstream efficiently. Filtration failure leads to:

Possible complications of glomerulonephritis include:


There may be no way to prevent some forms of glomerulonephritis from forming. However, we give you some steps that can be useful:

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